Rabindranath Tagore | Biography

Rabindranath Tagore was a renowned Indian poet, writer, and philosopher, who became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. He was a prominent figure in Bengali literature and a leading voice in the Indian independence movement. Tagore’s literary work and philosophical ideas continue to inspire and influence people worldwide.

Rabindranath Tagore was a renowned Bengali poet, writer, composer, and artist who reshaped Bengali literature and music. He was the first non-European to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.

Tagore is best known for his literary works such as “Gitanjali,” a collection of poems, and for composing the national anthems of India (“Jana Gana Mana”) and Bangladesh (“Amar Shonar Bangla”). He also wrote numerous novels, short stories, and essays.

Tagore’s works had a profound impact on literature and culture not only in India but also around the world. His lyrical and deeply spiritual poetry has been translated into many languages and continues to inspire people globally.

Tagore’s legacy is multifaceted, encompassing his contributions to literature, music, art, and social reform. He was a prominent figure in the Bengal Renaissance and played a key role in shaping modern Indian literature and art. His legacy continues to be celebrated through various cultural events and institutions dedicated to his work.


Tagore sits front and center for a group photo. Around him are 8 people including the painter Nandalal Bose and the poet Xu Zhimo.

Table of Contents


Name Rabindranath Tagore
Birth 7 May 1861
Death 7 August 1941
Occupation Poet, Writer, Playwright, Composer, Philosopher, Social Reformer, Painter
Notable Works Gitanjali, Gora, Ghare-Baire
Recognition Winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913
Legacy Founder of Visva-Bharati University, inspiration for national anthems of India and Bangladesh

রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর হলেন সকল দেশের সকল কালের এবং সকল মানবের তীর্থভূমি ।


নাম (Name) রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর (Rabindranath Tagore)
জন্ম (Birthday) ২৫ বৈশাখ ১২৬৮ বঙ্গাব্দ / ইং- ৭ই মে ১৮৬১, জোড়াসাঁকো ঠাকুরবাড়ি, কোলকাতা (7th May 1861, Jorasanko Thakurbari, Kolkata)
অভিভাবক (Guardian) / পিতা ও মাতা  দেবেন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর (বাবা)সারদাসুন্দরী দেবী (মা)
ছদ্দনাম (Pseudonym) ভানুসিংহ (Vanusingh)
দাম্পত্যসঙ্গী (Spouse) মৃণালিনী দেবী (Mrinalini Devi)
পেশা (Career) কবি, প্রাবন্ধিক, ঔপন্যাসিক, নাট্যকার, সঙ্গীতজ্ঞ, গল্পকার
উল্লেখযোগ্য রচনাবলী গীতাঞ্জলী, রবীন্দ্র রচনাবলী, গোরা, আমার সোনার বাংলা, ঘরে বাইরে প্রভৃতি
উল্লেখযোগ্য পুরস্কার নোবেল পুরস্কার (১৯১৩)
মৃত্যু (Death) ২২ শ্রাবণ ১৩৪৮ বঙ্গাব্দ / ইং- ৭ই আগস্ট ১৯৪১ (7th August, 1941)
মৃত্যুস্থান জোড়াসাঁকো ঠাকুরবাড়ি, কোলকাতা


See More  Zainul Abedin- (শিল্পাচার্য জয়নুল আবেদিন)

Early Life

Rabindranath Tagore was born into a prominent family in Calcutta, India in 1861. He was raised in a cultured and intellectual environment, with his father Debendranath Tagore being a renowned writer and scholar who was a leader of the Brahmo Samaj movement. Growing up, Rabindranath was encouraged to explore his creativity and independence, which shaped his unique perspective on life and art. His early years were marked by a deep connection to nature and a love for literature and music.

Despite being born into privilege, Tagore was deeply influenced by the social and political issues of his time, which would later inspire his works advocating for social reform and cultural revival. His family played a significant role in nurturing his talents and supporting his education, laying the foundation for his future achievements as a novelist, essayist, playwright, painter, and song composer.




Parents Siblings
Debendranath Tagore Rathindranath Tagore
Sarada Devi Shamindranath Tagore
  Renuka Devi


Rabindranath Tagore was born into the prominent Tagore family in Kolkata, India. His father, Debendranath Tagore, was a philosopher and social reformer, while his mother, Sarada Devi, was a homemaker. Rabindranath had several siblings including Rathindranath Tagore, Shamindranath Tagore, and Renuka Devi. The Tagore family was influential in Kolkata and had ancestral roots in Burdwan district and Jessore. Rabindranath Tagore’s family played a significant role in shaping his upbringing and intellectual development.


Details: Mrinalini Devi was a significant figure in Rabindranath Tagore’s life, often considered his wife. She possessed a captivating charm and played a crucial role in Tagore’s personal and creative life.

Name Relationship
Kadambari Devi Sister-in-law turned muse and romantic interest
Annapurna or Anna First love with a lasting impact on Tagore
See More  Mashrafe Mortaza



I am from Bengal today I have to share this, children, elderly ones, teenagers all over here celebrate this occasion with songs, poetry recitation and dance literally with great enthusiasm and pride which you can feel it. It’s a festival for Bengal

Tagore composed more than 2,000 songs and penned a large number of poems, stories, dramas, and novels. His works “Gitanjali” and “Jeevan Smriti” are still cherished today.

Rabindranath Tagore wasn’t just the first Asian to win a Nobel prize, but also the first Non-European to mark his prominence in literature.

Tagore is an icon known and revered in every Bengali household across the globe. It is common to find Grurudev’s portrait in various art schools and in the homes of Tagore lovers

The man who gave soul to our national anthem, the man who united the increasingly divided Bengal with the strength of Rakhi, is none other than the Bard of Bengal, Rabindranath Tagore. Many people are aware that Tagore wrote 2 national anthems. “Jana Gana Mana” for India and “Amar Sonar Bangla” for Bangladesh. What many people don’t know is that he also inspired the Sri Lankan national anthem “Sri Lanka Matha”. Some even hold a view that Tagore composed the anthem in its entirety.

Films Based On Rabindranath Tagore’s Work

  • Chokher bali
  • Atithi
  • Kabuliwala
  • Charulata
  • Uphaar

Did Rabindranath Tagore really deserve a Nobel Prize?

Yes, Rabindranath Tagore, the renowned Indian poet, writer, musician, and artist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. He was the first non-European to receive a Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore’s literary works, which include poems, songs, essays, and plays, are highly regarded for their lyrical beauty, profound philosophical insights, and universal themes.

Rabindranath Tagore’s best 5 novels

Rabindranath Tagore all novels is best.

But my eye shied best 5 novels is –

1.(Saser kobita). This novel is a romantic novel. This novel main characters is Amit and Labanniya. In Amit’s life, labanniya is a open sky. This novel story is so sweet.

2. (Noukadubi) Noukadubi is a very good novel. This novel story is very pathetic. But the ending is very nice.

See More  Hussain Muhammad Ershad

3.(Chokher bali) This novel is romantic and some pathetic. Character novels like Mohim, Bihari,asalata, Binodini made this story more beautiful.

4.(Ghora) Ghora is a nice novel by Tagore. Ghora is a social symbol character.

5.Malancha. Malancha is a nice novel. This is a short novel. But it is so so nice novel.

What’s the first poem written by Rabindranath Tagore?

The first poem written by Rabindranath Tagore is believed to be “Abhilasha” (আভিলাষা), which he composed when he was just eight years old. Rabindranath Tagore, a prominent Indian poet, writer, musician, and artist, went on to become one of the most influential figures in Indian literature and music. His works have had a profound impact on the cultural landscape of India and beyond.

How famous is Rabindranath Tagore in Bangladesh?


Tagore is the author and composer of the national anthem of Bangladesh. If there is a song that everyone in Bangladesh knows, at least those who went to school, that would be the national anthem. Tagore’s poems, writeups are also very popular, even 75 years after his death. And there is actually a fanatic following of Tagore’s songs … Rabindra Sangeet … they are a staple of most Bangladeshi cultural events including the famous Bengali new years celebrations.

Tagore spent a lot of time in his Jamindari in erstwhile East Bengal, current Bangladesh. It’s often said that Tagore’s finest songs were written while he was on his houseboat on the Padma River. Also, many of his songs were influenced by the Baul singers of East Bengal.

So, as I said up front, Tagore is extremely popular in Bangladesh.


Career, Achievements And Controversies


How He Became Famous

Rabindranath Tagore became famous for his literary and artistic contributions, particularly his poetry and music. His work gained international acclaim, leading to him being the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.

Career And Popular Works

Tagore’s career began with his literary and artistic pursuits, and he is best known for his collection of poems called “Gitanjali.” He also wrote novels, short stories, and plays, as well as being a painter and musician.


Tagore received the Nobel Prize in Literature for his collection of poems “Gitanjali.” His contributions to literature and culture also earned him recognition and awards in India and around the world.


Tagore was influential in introducing Indian culture to the West, which led to some controversies surrounding his impact on society and the portrayal of Indian culture. Additionally, there have been debates about his contributions and the interpretation of his works.